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Emergencies

What does UNFPA do in a disaster?

In times of disaster, UNFPA advocates for gender, sexual and reproductive health, and women's needs to be incorporated into humanitarian response and preparedness planning.

UNFPA has been working in the protection and health sectors to help humanitarian activities safeguard people's human rights, prevent gender-based violence, and address the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescent girls and women in fertile age. In addition, it supports the timely use of available statistical information to make visible the needs of the most vulnerable populations.

What are women exposed to in disasters?

To various forms of violence, especially sexual, physical and psychological.

To the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.

To unplanned pregnancies.

To complications of pregnancy and childbirth.

To having premature births and miscarriages due to trauma.

To not being attended to by qualified personnel.

It is important that in circumstances of crisis or disaster, and in planning to prevent and address them, the needs of women are taken into account and to contribute to addressing them.

How do we answer?

We promote and coordinate greater security for affected women and girls, so that they incorporate their needs in disaster preparedness and response (design of camps, planning, distribution of donations, etc.).

We provide an emergency bag that contains hygiene and sexual and reproductive health supplies to contribute to the well-being of women, to the prevention of unplanned pregnancies and of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV.

We provide the Protection Kit that contains a whistle, flashlight and information that contribute to improving the safety and protection of women.

We help victims of sexual or family violence so that they can be cared for by qualified personnel and we contribute to strengthening access to the services of the Women's Emergency Center (WEC).

We contribute with the health sector to the implementation of mobile health brigades.

We provide delivery kits and kits for obstetric emergency care to health personnel so that they can offer better delivery care in case of disasters at different levels of care.

In coordination with the health sector, we make contraceptives available to the affected population, which are provided free of charge, including male and female condoms that prevent unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.

We promote information and training activities on measures for reproductive health care, prevention of violence and the transmission of STIs, HIV and other diseases that put maternal health at risk, such as Zika.

We provide health personnel with the post-exposure prophylaxis kit, which can prevent the transmission of HIV in cases of sexual violence, unprotected sexual relations or accidents in the use of contraceptive methods.